Reversing the drastic decline in biodiversity is the most important goal for sustainable development. Biodiversity is the collection of species and the environment in which they inhabit. Biodiversity is the life in an ecosystem.
Sustainable development according to Bruntland is meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. My interpretation of Burntland’s concept on sustainable development is that we must keep in mind our future generations with the actions of which we take today.
When we think of biodiversity we are talking about our eco-system and all it’s inhabitant species living harmoniously together. Bruntland’s definition on sustainable development is closely related to the decline of biodiversity in a way which biodiversity affects our generation and that of our future generation.
The difficulty with bio-diversity is that we know it is important to us and our survival, however, we don’t know to what extent and how important it is. We cannot place a value on biodiversity. We can say it has non-use value if we look from an economics point of view. We know the rate at which species are becoming extinct and we also know that new species are not coming into existence fast enough.
There is an estimate that by 2050 there will be 50% of existing species that will go extinct. Species are going extinct directly by people hunting them for food, resources, consumption and for profit. Indirectly by the damage that is done to the environment and the climate change.
The more species that go extinct the more value they hold to people who hunt and sell them, the sad truth is that profit and ignorance are what drive a lot of the devastation on biodiversity.
What does it mean for our future generations when this happens?
For an ecosystem to function, here I am using the term function as Litke would coin it; function is an action serving the use of purpose. Litke says there are three elements to the function of living things; power – to preserve own life, function – the preservation of life and adaptability – sometimes things must adapt to preserve life.
We need all the species within the ecosystem to function. We also need the environment in which the species inhabit for them to be able to function.
Humans can achieve function without impacting the function of the eco-system by reversing the drastic decline of bio-diversity.
As Roselands states the natural capital has an effect on sustainability and cannot be substituted or eliminated. Biodiversity would classify under the natural capital of Roseland’s six capitals.
The impact that businesses make on the environment affects the species who live in that environment and the climate in which everyone must endure. When we don’t have biodiversity, we risk among many things the maximization of human happiness/flourishing.
Kant’s theory explains that the rational be爱上海同城交友论坛